Friday, 30 May 2014

HUBUNGAN ETNIK EDISI LENGKAP

Judul : Hubungan Etnik

Pengarang : -Paimah Atoma
                    -Mohd Azmir Mohd Nizah
                    -Latifah Abdul Latiff

Penerbit : Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia(USIM)

Tahun Terbit : 2011

No. ISBN : 978-967-5295-89-8

Harga : RM20

Tempat buku dibeli : Koperasi USIM

     Buku ini menghuraikan secara lengkap mengenai konsep masyarakat, budaya, dan kepelbagaian etnik di Malaysia. Selain itu, ia dipadatkan lagi dengan konsep 1 Malaysia, Perlembagaan Malaysia, politik, ekonomi, sosial dan lain-lain yang dapat memberikan kefahaman secara mendalam mengenai negara tercinta ini.

     Kepelbagaian hubungan etnik di Malaysia yang dapat hidup secara aman damai ini adalah hasil kerjasama dan tolak ansur setiap pihak. Namun, ia tidak lekang daripada cabaran sama ada dalaman atau luaran. Oleh sebab itu, setiap pihak seperti kerajaan, pihak swasta, badan agama, dan nukleusnya adalah setiap masyarakat itu sendiri memainkan peranan penting dalam menjayakannya.                                                               
     Konklusinya, kita sebagai anak watan Malaysia patut berbangga dengan keunikan hubungan etnik di Malaysia yang mampu menjadi contoh kepada seantero dunia. Di samping itu, kita bersama-sama menjalankan tanggungjawab ini dengan baik demi memelihara keamanan sejagat ini.   

                                                                                                 (130 patah perkataan)

                                                                                       

Thursday, 1 May 2014

pbakl 2014



wow ! a lot of people in this book fair.
there are about 5 floor:
- 1st floor is the parking lot
-2nd floor is about many halls and  lot of people and it is so crowded
  • you can see a hall just for karya seni and p2u novel and a lot of discount until less of rm11 is given for a malay novel.
  • you also can look for a hall just for karang kraf-most of it is less about 20%,but the interesting one is there are a lot of cheaps book such as rm1 for cooking books and rm7,rm10 for malay novel.
  • many other halls is mix of genre.
-3rd floor is the musolla and a lot of primary and secondary school books:
  • about rm5 can be get from a rm20 above of book from pan asia distributors.
  • mostly the book is about 10% and above less discount.
-4th floor is the main hall that attract most of people that are looking for gempak starz comics and other novels as this floor suits the main theme of this year pbakl that is 'Dunia Novel dan Komik'.
It also occupied with a hall with university reference book and we can get about rm10 for a clearance reference books.

all gempak starz comic less about 50 cent each of it.
buy1-3 comics,get a cute note pad.
buy 4,get an attractive recycle bag.
 
 this publisher give less rm5 to rm11 to each novel.
only rm1 for this book.

Tuesday, 8 April 2014

bonding in polyatomic molecule

http://pharmrx.yolasite.com/chemistry.php

  • diatomic molecule=2
  • polyatomic species=3/more atoms
  • hybrid  orbitals- mixing the characters of atomic orbitals

Monday, 7 April 2014

acids,bases and ions in aqueous solution

http://www.lycksele.se/templates/Page.aspx?id=7048
physical properties of water:
  • mp-273 K
  • bp-373K
  • enthalpy of fusion-6.01 kJ/mol
  • enthalpy of vaporization-40.65kJ/mol
  • entropy of vaporization-109kJ/mol
1 molar= one mole solute dissolved in water to give 1litre solution

  • + Ka,+ acidity
  • - pKa,+acidity
  • -pKb,+Kb,+basicity
*oxoacid= a compoud contains oxygen, at least one other element, at least one hydrogen bound to oxygen,and which produces a conjugate base by proton loss.

*lewis acid: electron acceptor, lewis base: electron donor
*hydration: solvation by water
*amphoteric: oxide / hydroxide can act as acid / base.



alkali metals(GROUP 1)

http://www.glogster.com/thanaoka/alkali-metals-/g-6mnh3j4hs36tlio5r3as0a0

down's process- produce sodium from NaCl(products of it must be separate to prevent recombination)

down the group:
  • atomic number +
  • enthalpy atomization -
  • mp -
  • bp-
  • first ionization energy,IE -
  • radius +
  • cation size +
all metals- body centered cubic structure

appearance-Li,Na,K,Rb:silvery white-Cs:golden yellow        (all soft)

SOLVAY PROCESS:


Thursday, 27 March 2014

format of lab report

http://schoolsciencefair.blogspot.com/
1.cover page(title,name,date,etc)
2.in the report
  • title
  • objective
  • materials and apparatus
  • introduction
  • results and discussion(not calculation but reasons to different in values of results)
  • conclusion
  • answers if any question is given
  • references
  • appendices(calculation)
  • data-table/graph form